State of Ohio English Language Arts Standards

Writing Conventions

Grade: K
Writing Conventions
Handwriting
Standard Number: 1.  
Print capital and lowercase letters, correctly spacing the letters.

Standard Number: 2.  
Leave spaces between words when writing.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 5.   
Place punctuation marks at the end of sentences.

Spelling
Standard Number: 3.  
Show characteristics of early letter name-alphabetic spelling.

Standard Number: 4.   
Use some end consonant sounds when writing.

Grade: Gr. 1
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage
Standard Number: 8.  
Use nouns, verbs and adjectives (descriptive words).

Handwriting
Standard Number: 1.  
Print legibly and space letters, words and sentences appropriately.

Spelling
Standard Number: 2.  
Spell words correctly with regular short vowel patterns and most common long vowel words (e.g, time, name).

Standard Number: 3.  
Spell high-frequency words correctly.

Standard Number: 4.  
Create phonetically-spelled written work that can usually be read by the writer and others.

Standard Number: 5.  
Spell unfamiliar words using strategies such as segmenting, sounding out and matching familiar words and word parts.

Standard Number: 6.  
Use end punctuation correctly, including question marks, exclamation points and periods.

Standard Number: 7.  
Use correct capitalization (e.g. the first word in a sentence, names and the pronoun I).

Grade: Gr. 2
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage
Standard Number: 12.  
Use nouns, verbs and adjectives correctly.

Standard Number: 13.  
Use subjects and verbs that are in agreement.

Standard Number: 14.  
Use personal pronouns.

Standard Number: 15.  
Use past and present verb tenses (e.g., "we were" rather than "we was").

Standard Number: 16.  
Use nouns and pronouns that are in agreement.

Handwriting
Standard Number: 1.  
Print legibly, and space letters, words and sentences appropriately.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 8.  
Use periods, question marks and exclamation points as endpoints correctly.

Standard Number: 9.  
Use quotation marks.

Standard Number: 10.
  
Use correct punctuation for contractions and abbreviations.

Standard Number: 11.  
Use correct capitalization (e.g., proper nouns, the first word of a sentence, months and days).

Spelling
Standard Number: 2.  
Spell words with consonant blends and digraphs.

Standard Number: 3.  
Spell regulary used and high-frequency words correctly.

Standard Number: 4.  
Spell words studied (e.g., word lists, text words) correctly.

Standard Number: 5.  
Spell plurals and verb tenses correctly.

Standard Number: 6.  
Begin to use spelling patterns and rules correctly (e.g., dropping silent e before adding -ing).

Standard Number: 7.  
Use spelling strategies (e.g. word wall, word lists, thinking about the base word and affixes).

Grade: Gr. 3
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage
Standard Number: 11.   
Use nouns, verbs and adjectives correctly.

Standard Number: 12.  
 
Use subjects and verbs that are in agreement.

Standard Number: 13.   
Use irregular plural nouns.

Standard Number: 14.   
Use nouns and pronouns that are in agreement.

Standard Number: 15.   
Use past, present and future verb tenses.

Standard Number: 16.   
Use possessive nouns and pronouns.

Standard Number: 17.   
Use conjunctions.

Handwriting
Standard Number: 1.   
Write legibly in cursive, spacing letters, words and sentences appropriately.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 8.   
Use end punctuation marks correctly.

Standard Number: 9.   
Use quotation marks around dialogue, commas in a series and apostrophes in contractions and possessives.

Standard Number: 10.   
Use correct capitalization.

Spelling
Standard Number: 2.   
Spell multi-syllabic words correctly.

Standard Number: 3.   
Spell all familiar high-frequency words, words with short vowels and common endings correctly.

Standard Number: 4.   
Spell contractions, compounds and homonyms (e.g., hair and hare) correctly.

Standard Number: 5.   
Use correct spelling of words with common suffixes such as ñion, -ment and -ly.

Standard Number: 6.   
Follow common spelling generalizations (e.g., consonant doubling, dropping e and changing y to i).

Standard Number: 7.   
Use resources to check spelling (e.g., a dictionary, spell check).

Grade: Gr. 4
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage
Standard Number: 7.   
Use various parts of speech such as nouns, pronouns and verbs (e.g., regular and irregular, past, present and future).

Standard Number: 8.   
Use conjunctions and interjections.

Standard Number: 9.   
Use adverbs.

Standard Number: 10.
  
Use prepositions and prepositional phrases.

Standard Number: 11.   
Use objective and nominative case pronouns.

Standard Number: 12.   
Use subjects and verbs that are in agreement.

Standard Number: 13.   
Use irregular plural nouns.

Handwriting
Standard Number: 1.  
Write legibly in cursive, spacing letters, words and sentences appropriately.

Puctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 5.   
Use commas, end marks, apostrophes and quotation marks correctly.

Standard Number: 6.   
Use correct capitalization.

Spelling
Standard Number: 2.  
Spell high-frequency words correctly.

Standard Number: 3.
  
Spell plurals and inflectional endings correctly.

Standard Number: 4.   
Spell roots, suffixes and prefixes correctly.

Grade: Gr. 5
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage
Standard Number: 6.   
Use various parts of speech, such as nouns, pronouns and verbs (regular and irregular).

Standard Number: 7.   
Use prepositions and prepositional phrases.

Standard Number: 8.   
Use adverbs.

Standard Number: 9.   
Use objective and nominative case pronouns.

Standard Number: 10.   
Use indefinite and relative pronouns.

Standard Number: 11.   
Use conjunctions and interjections.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 4.   
Use commas, end marks, apostrophes and quotation marks correctly.

Standard Number: 5.   
Use correct capitalization.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.   
Spell high-frequency words correctly.

Standard Number: 2.   
Spell contractions correctly.

Standard Number: 3.   
Spell roots, suffixes and prefixes correctly.

Grade: Gr. 6
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage
Standard Number: 5.   
Use all eight parts of speech (e.g., noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, interjection).

Standard Number: 6.   
Use verbs, including perfect tenses, transitive and intransitive verbs and linking verbs.

Standard Number: 7.   
Use nominative, objective, possessive, indefinite and relative pronouns.

Standard Number: 8.   
Use subject-verb agreement with collective nouns, indefinite pronouns, compound subjects and prepositional phrases.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 2.   
Use commas, end marks, apostrophes and quotation marks correctly.

Standard Number: 3.   
Use semicolons, colons, hyphens, dashes and brackets.

Standard Number: 4.   
Use correct capitalization.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.   
Spell frequently misspelled and high-frequency words correctly.

Grade: Gr. 7
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage

Standard Number: 5.   
Use all eight parts of speech (e.g., noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, interjection).

Standard Number: 6.   
Use dependent and independent clauses.

Standard Number: 7.   
Use subject-verb agreement with collective nouns, indefinite pronouns, compound subjects and prepositional phrases.

Standard Number: 8.   
Conjugate regular and irregular verbs in all tenses correctly.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 2.   
Use commas, end marks, apostrophes and quotation marks correctly.

Standard Number: 3.   
Use semicolons, colons, hyphens, dashes and brackets correctly.

Standard Number: 4.   
Use correct capitalization.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.   
Spell high-frequency words correctly.

Grade: Gr. 8
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage

Standard Number: 3.  
Use all eight parts of speech (e.g., noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, interjection).

Standard Number: 4.  
Use clauses (e.g., main, subordinate) and phrases (e.g., gerund, infinitive, participial).

Standard Number: 5.  
Use parallel structure to present items in a series and items juxtaposed for emphasis.

Standard Number: 6.  
Use proper placement of modifiers.

Standard Number: 7.  
Maintain the use of appropriate verb tenses.

Standard Number: 8.  
Conjugate regular and irregular verbs in all tenses correctly.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 2.  
Use correct punctuation and capitalization.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.  
Use correct spelling conventions.

Grade: Gr. 9
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage

Standard Number: 3.  
Use clauses (e.g., main, subordinate) and phrases (e.g., gerund, infinitive, participial).

Standard Number: 4.  
Use parallel structure to present items in a series and and items juxtaposed for emphasis.

Standard Number: 5.  
Use proper placement of modifiers.

Standard Number: 6.  
Maintain the use of appropriate verb tenses.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 2.  
Use correct capitalization and punctuation.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.  
Use correct spelling conventions.

Grade: Gr. 10
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage

Standard Number: 3.  
Use clauses (e.g., main, subordinate) and phrases (e.g., gerund, infinitive, participial).

Standard Number: 4.  
Use parallel structure to present items in a series and items juxtaposed for emphasis.

Standard Number: 5.  
Use proper placement of modifiers.

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 2.  
Use correct capitalization and punctuation.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.  
Use correct spelling conventions.

Grade: Gr. 11
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage

Standard Number: 3.  
Use correct grammar (e.g., verb tenses, parallel structure, indefinite and relative pronouns).

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 2.  
Use correct capitalization and punctuation.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.  
Use correct spelling conventions.

Grade: Gr. 12
Writing Conventions
Grammar and Usage

Standard Number: 3.  
Use correct grammar (e.g., verb tenses, parallel structure, indefinite and relative pronouns).

Punctuation and Capitalization
Standard Number: 2.  
Use correct capitalization and punctuation.

Spelling
Standard Number: 1.  
Use correct spelling conventions.